Wildlife is a precious gift of God to this planet. The term ‘wildlife’ not only caters to wild animals but also considers all undomesticated life forms including birds, insects, plants, fungi, and even microscopic organisms. For maintaining the balance on this earth, marine species, plants and animals are as important as humans. But sadly, many plants and animals are getting endangered because of farming, overfishing, hunting of animals for fur, jewellery, etc. The extinction of wildlife will certainly have a terrible impact on the humans too. As human beings, it’s our responsibility to protect our plants, animals, and ourselves.
Talking about diversity, India is one of the 17 mega diversities in the world and is home to 7.6% of all mammals, 12.6% of birds, 6.2% of reptiles, and 6.0% of flowering plant species. The country also has some of the most biodiverse regions on the planet and it comprises four of 35 biodiversity hotspots of the world like the Western Ghats, the Eastern Himalayas, Indo-Burma, and the Nicobar Islands in Sundaland. So far, the country’s wildlife is preserved in 120+ national parks, 515 wildlife sanctuaries, 26 wetlands, and 18 bio-reserves, out of which 10 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
Keeping this in mind, the Indian government has taken an effective initiative to conserve wildlife in the country. Let’s take a glance at the important wildlife conservation initiatives that GOI has taken:
It’s one of the most successful ventures ‘Project Tiger’ which was started way back in 1972. This project was sponsored by the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change. About 47 tiger reserves in over 17 regions including Corbett National Park and Ranthambore National Park are part of this project which conducts assessments of the number of tigers, their habitat, hunting habits under the supervision of the Tiger Task Force.
The Government of India started this project in 1992. Project Elephant aims at conserving elephants and their habitat by developing scientific and planned management measures.
This project is yet another successful venture by the Government of India to conserve the Indian Crocodiles, whose species were on the verge of extinction once. The main objectives of the crocodile project are to protect the remaining population of crocodiles and their natural habitat by establishing sanctuaries; promote captive breeding, improve management, and involve the local people in the project intimately.
There are over 7 billion people on Earth. If every one of us committed to do one thing to protect wildlife every day. Even minor actions can have a major impact when we all work together. Here are some 5 ways you can do to make a difference:
” From wild animals to wild places, there’s an option for everyone. Get together with classmates to adopt an animal from a wildlife conservation organization such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Symbolic adoptions help fund organizations.”
“If you don’t have money to give, donate your time. Many organizations and zoos have volunteer programs. You can help clean beaches, rescue wild animals or teach visitors.”
“When you visit any local zoos and nature reserves, pay the recommended entry fee. Your donations help maintain these vital conservation areas.”
- Pitch In:
“Trash isn’t just ugly, it’s harmful. Birds and other animals can trap their heads in plastic rings. Fish can get stuck in nets. Do your part by putting trash in its place.”
“Zoos, aquariums, national parks, and wildlife refuges are all home to wild animals. Learn more about our planet’s species from experts. See Earth’s most amazing creatures up close by visiting these places.”
As an individual’s we should start working towards taking small steps from our homes, by minimizing the use of electronic equipment such as air-conditioners that contribute towards global warming, pool vehicles while commuting so that there is less pollution and less harm to the ozone layer and save water. Even if we start contributing our bits to the environment and nature, it would come back to us for our good in the future.
By- Shreya Pawar
Insta handle: _shreyu_123