Chernobyl – A lost nuclear

Most of us know what Chernobyl is and why it is so dangerous. 

On 26 April 1986, an accident occurred in Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, causing the largest nuclear disaster in the history of humanity. Single-handedly, this disaster had a massive scale impact on humans, wildlife, global warming, forests and climate change. 

The immediate death toll was around 30 people; the long-term effect on humans estimated to harm 4000 to 16000 people. The risk of exposure on the entire continent of Europe and minor impacts on the planet could mean danger for 60000 people. Ever since the disaster stroke, the area became entirely deserted to lower the exposure. About 350000 people have relocated after the catastrophe.

In the absence of humans, nature has flourished in recent times. More than three decades later, life in Chernobyl has seen a massive natural repair in the road to harmony. Despite the thriving site, calculations infer that it could not be inhabitable for humans for at least 24000 years. It has become a lost site of sanctuary. At a point assumed to be almost extinct, Przewalski’s horses have resurfaced in outstanding numbers. These horses believed to be the last remaining species of wild horses on earth. They are only hundreds in number around Europe and Asia. Not only that, the abandoned area has seen many endangered species prosper in peace. Once a ghost town, nature has been trying to recover from disaster struck by humans.

As of now, only a very few visit Chernobyl and the surrounding areas. However, due to its spectacular view of nature, it is expected to become a famous tourist location one day.

But, it does not end on a positive note. There is always a catch. During the aftermath of the disaster, a few chambers were inaccessible. So they sealed these shut. However, in recent years, it has come to light that there have been radio emissions taking place inside the unreachable. Due to the lack of reachability, scientists can only speculate the gravity of the danger.

 As part of sealing the potential areas, there was one chamber sub reactor room 305/2. The room is now the centre of the topic. In the last four years, scientists found that this particular sub reactor room has seen a notable spike in a nuclear fission reaction. Stated that this room is most likely to contain troublesome volumes of radioactive material. 

Experts found a 40% rise in neutron emission. These radiations have gradually yet continuously progressed since 2016. Nuclear waste disposal specialist from the University of Sheffield, Neil Hyatt, said that this is similar to embers in a barbecue pit. In simple terms, stable for now yet ready to explode anytime. 

According to experts, it could end in two ways. 

The reaction would trail off. Meaning it could just wither out. Similar to the few seen in the past. Scientists have to find a safe way to get into the blocked room. They need to take action from onsite by breaching the area.

In the situation of human interference, the likely course of action would be to drill a hole in the closed space. Spray the area with a material that could soak up the neutrons. 

Another possibility was the use of robots to get near the site for sample collection and place sensors. Based on the findings of the sample, an outcome or better plan could come out. 

Maxim Saveliev implied that if an explosion occurs, the impact can contain. However, the problem would be that it could affect unstable elements of the primary contents of the nuclear power plant. 

Fun Fact: The first consignment of vodka (alcoholic beverage) produced from apple trees that grew near Chernobyl recently got caught by secret services. 

Written By: M.Likhita

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