Jute is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. It is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. These fibers are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose and lignin. . Production is concentrated mostly in Bangladesh, as well as India‘s states of Assam, Bihar, and West Bengal. India is the world’s largest producer of jute.
Jute fibre is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus environmentally friendly. A hectare of jute plants consumes about 15 tonnes of carbon dioxide and releases 11 tonnes of oxygen. Cultivating jute in crop rotations enriches the fertility of the soil for the next crop. Jute also does not generate toxic gases when burnt.
Jute production fluctuates, influenced by weather conditions and prices. Annual output in the last decade ranges from 2.5 to 3.2 million tonnes, on a par with wool. India and Bangladesh account for about 60% and 30%, respectively, of the world’s production. India exports nearly 200 000 tonnes of jute products, the remainder being consumed domestically.
A key feature of jute is its ability to be used either independently or blended with a range of other fibers and materials.
The major manufactured products from jute fiber are Yarn and twine, sacking, hessian, carpet backing cloth, and as well as for other textile blends. It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breathability of fabrics. The fibers are woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, and area rugs and are also often blended with other fibers, both synthetic and natural. The finest threads can be separated out and made into imitation silk. Jute can also be blended with wool.
Jute is extensively used for sacking for agriculture goods as well as being used increasingly in rigid packaging and reinforced plastic and is replacing wood in pulp and paper.
Diversified by-products from jute include its use in cosmetics, medicine, paints, and other products. Jute sticks are used as fuelling and fencing materials in the rural areas of jute producing countries. These are good substitute for forest wood and bamboo for production of particle boards, pulp and paper.
Jute sticks for fuelling:
Manufacturing of handbags, table mats, lanterns, décor lights, floor mats, ribbons.
Jute Table Mats:
Jute Floor Mats:
This gives us a brief about the large scale production of jute which can help us avoid plastic and other harmful products on a large scale, Jute is pollution free and also is biodegradable. We should all avoid plastic and other harmful substances and try using jute products as much as possible. This will reduce the pollution, global warming and also increase the economy of our country as India is the highest jute producing country.
Healthy Environment, Healthy Life!